GOLD / SILVER / PLATINUM / GEMS LEXICON
Platinum is a rare, dense and highly valuable metal that has a variety of uses in various industries. It is a chemical element with the symbol Pt and atomic number 78, and is a member of the platinum group of elements. Platinum is known for its silvery-white appearance, durability and resistance to corrosion, making it an ideal material for a wide range of applications.
One of the primary uses of platinum is in the jewelry industry. Its durability and resistance to tarnish make it an ideal metal for producing fine jewelry, such as wedding rings and necklaces. Its value and rarity also make it a popular choice for luxury items. Platinum is also used in the production of dental fillings and pacemakers, due to its biocompatibility and ability to resist corrosion in the human body.
Another important use of platinum is in the automotive industry. Platinum is used as a catalyst in catalytic converters to reduce emissions from vehicles. The metal's high surface area and ability to absorb pollutants make it an ideal material for catalytic converters, which are essential in reducing harmful pollutants from car exhausts. Platinum is also used in fuel cells, which are an important technology in the development of alternative energy sources and electric vehicles.
Platinum is also used in various other industrial applications, such as in the production of electrical equipment and electronics, as well as in the manufacture of glass, ceramics, and other materials. It is also used in the production of nitric acid and as a catalyst in the chemical industry.
Platinum is a rare metal, and its production is mainly concentrated in a few countries, including South Africa, Russia, and Canada. The mining and refining of platinum can have negative environmental and social impacts, such as soil and water pollution, as well as negative impacts on local communities. It is important for the industry to consider and address these impacts in order to ensure sustainable production and use of platinum.
In conclusion, platinum is a highly valuable and versatile metal with a variety of uses in various industries. Its rarity, durability, and resistance to corrosion make it an ideal material for fine jewelry, automotive catalysts, and industrial applications. However, it is important for the industry to consider and address the negative impacts of its production and use in order to ensure sustainable development.
|Copyright © 2015|